Архив рубрики "Сountries"

Zanzibar

Zanzibar, an island state in the Indian Ocean, lies about 30 miles off the coast of East Africa. Long an Arab stronghold, it became a British colony in the late 1800s. Zanzibar gained its independence in 1963 and the next year joined Tanganyika in forming the United Republic of TANZANIA. Geography Zanzibar consists of two main islands, Unguja (also […]

Republic of Zimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe

POPULATION: 15.25 million (2014) AREA: 150,803 sq. mi. (390,580 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); Shona, Ndebele NATIONAL CURRENCY: Zimbabwe dollar PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Syncretic (part traditional, part Christian) 50%, Christian 25%, Traditional 24%, Other 1% CITIES: Harare (capital), 1,752,000 (2001 est.); Bulawayo, Gweru, Mutare, Kwekwe, Kadoma, Hwange, Masvingo ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 40 in. (1,020 mm) in Eastern Highlands to 15 in. (400 mm) in […]

Republic of Zambia

Republic of Zambia

POPULATION: 15.72 million (2014) AREA: 290,586 sq. mi. (752,618 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); Bemba, Tonga, Lozi, Lunda, Nyanja, others NATIONAL CURRENCY: Zambian kwacha PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 50–75%, Hindu and Muslim 24–49%, Traditional 1% CITIES: Lusaka (capital), 1,640,000 (2001 est.); Kitwe, Ndola, Chingola, Mufulira, Luanshya, Kabwe, Livingstone ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 50 in. (1,400 mm) in the north to 20 in. (510 mm) in […]

Western Sahara

Western Sahara

POPULATION: 261,794 (2014) AREA: 97,000 sq. mi. (252,000 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Arabic (official); Berber dialects NATIONAL CURRENCY: Moroccan dirham PRINCIPAL RELIGION: Muslim CITIES: El-Aaiun (Laayoune), Cabo Bojador, Bu Craa, Smara (Semara), Ad Dakhla ANNUAL RAINFALL: Less than 2 in. (50 mm) ECONOMY: GDP per capita: N/A PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: Agricultural: fish Manufacturing: handicrafts Mining: phosphates GOVERNMENT: Claimed and administered by Morocco since 1979, […]

Uganda

The Republic of Uganda

POPULATION: 37.78 million (2014) AREA: 93,065 sq. mi. (241,038 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); over 40 others including Swahili, Ganda, Nyoro, Lango, Acholi, Alur, Chiga, Kenyi, Teso, Arabic NATIONAL CURRENCY: Uganda shilling PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 66%, Traditional 18%, Muslim 16% CITIES: Kampala (capital), 1,212,000 (2001 est.); Jinja, Mbale, Mbarara, Masaka, Entebbe, Gulu ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 90 in. (2,250 mm) near Lake Victoria […]

Tunisia

The Republic of Tunisia

POPULATION: 11.00 million (2014) AREA: 63,170 sq. mi. (163,610 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Arabic (official); French; some Berber dialects NATIONAL CURRENCY: Tunisian dinar PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1% CITIES: Tunis (capital), 1,897,000 (2001 est.); Bizerte, Sousse, Sfax, Gabes ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 60 in. (1,524 mm) in the north to 8 in. (203 mm) in the Sahara region. ECONOMY: […]

The Republic of Togo

The Republic of Togo

POPULATION: 7.115 million (2014) AREA: 21,930 sq. mi. (56,790 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official), Ewe, Mina, Kabye, Dagomba, Komkomba NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Traditional 70%, Christian 20%, Muslim 10% CITIES: Lome (capital), 513,000 (1990 est.); Sokode Palime, Atakpame, Bassari, Tsevie, Anecho ANNUAL RAINFALL: Ranges from 40 in. (1,020 mm) in the north to 70 in. (1,780 mm) in the south. ECONOMY: […]

Timbuktu

Timbuktu

Located near the NIGER RIVER in northern MALI, the town of Timbuktu rose to greatness as a center of trade in the 1300s. It was a stop on the caravan routes that crossed the SAHARA DESERT, and river traffic linked it with regions to the southeast and southwest. Culturally, Timbuktu was a point of connection between Islamic North Africa […]

United Republic of Tanzania

United Republic of Tanzania

POPULATION: 51.82 million (2014) AREA: 364,928 sq. mi. (945,166 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Swahili and English (both official); Chagga, Gogo, Ha, Haya, Luo, Maasai, others NATIONAL CURRENCY: Tanzanian shilling PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 45%, Muslim 35%, Traditional 20% CITIES: Dar es Salaam (capital), 2,347,000 (2001 est.); Dodoma (to be new capital) 1,238,000 (1999 est.); Zanzibar City, Tanga, Mwanza, Arusha, Morogoro ANNUAL RAINFALL: 30–100 in. (770–2,570 mm), […]

Kingdom of Swaziland

Kingdom of Swaziland

POPULATION: 1.269 million (2014) AREA: 6,704 sq. mi. (17,364 sq. km) LANGUAGES: siSwati and English (both official); Zulu, Afrikaans NATIONAL CURRENCY: Lilangeni (plural: Emalangeni) PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 60%, Traditional 40% CITIES: Mbabane (administrative capital), 47,000 (1990 est.); Lobamba (legislative capital), 30,000 (1988); Manzini, Mhlambanyati, Tshaneni, Bunya, Goedgegun ANNUAL RAINFALL: 35–90 in. (900–2,300 mm) throughout most of country ECONOMY: GDP $4.413 billion (2014) PRINCIPAL […]

Republic of the Sudan

Republic of the Sudan

POPULATION: 39.35 million (2014) AREA: 967,244 sq. mi. (2,505,813 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Arabic (official); Nubian, Ta Bedawie, English, dialects of Sudanic and Nilotic languages NATIONAL CURRENCY: Sudanese pound PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Sunni Muslim 70%, Animist 25%, Christian 5% CITIES: Khartoum (capital), 2,731,000 (2001 est.); Port Sudan, Wad Medani, El Obeid, Atbara, Juba, Malakal, Renk ANNUAL RAINFALL: From 5 in. (130 mm) in the central […]

Republic of South Africa

Republic of South Africa

POPULATION: 54.00 million (2014) AREA: 471,008 sq. mi. (1,219,912 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English, Afrikaans, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu (all are official) NATIONAL CURRENCY: Rand PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 68%, Traditional and animistic 28.5%, Muslim 2%, Hindu 1.5% CITIES: Pretoria (administrative capital), 1,508,000 (2001 est.); Cape Town (legislative capital), 2,993,000 (2001 est.); Bloemfontein (judicial capital), 300,150 (1991 est.); Johannesburg ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies […]

The Somali Democratic Republic

The Somali Democratic Republic

POPULATION: 10.52 million (2014) AREA: 246,000 sq. mi. (637,660 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Somali (official); Arabic, Italian, English NATIONAL CURRENCY: Somali shilling PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Sunni Muslim CITIES: Mogadishu (capital), 1,219,000 (2001 est.); Hargeisa, Kismayu Merca, Berbera, Boosaaso, Borama, Giamama ANNUAL RAINFALL: Less than 3 in. (77 mm) overall, but up to 20 in. (550 mm) on high ground ECONOMY: GDP $5.707 billion (2014) PRINCIPAL […]

Republic of Sierra Leone

Republic of Sierra Leone

POPULATION: 6.316 million (2014) AREA: 27,699 sq. mi. (71,740 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); Krio, Temne, Mende, Limba NATIONAL CURRENCY: Leone PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 60%, Traditional 30%, Christian 10% CITIES: Freetown (capital), 669,000 (1990 est.); Bo, Koindu, Kenema, Makeni ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 200 in. (5,000 mm) on the coast to 85 in. (2,160 mm) in the north. ECONOMY: GDP $4.838 billion (2014) […]

Senegal

Republic of Senegal

POPULATION: 14.67 million (2014) AREA: 75,749 sq. mi. (196,190 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Wolof, Malinke, Fulani, Pulaar NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA Franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 92%, Traditional 6%, Christian 2% CITIES: Dakar (capital), 2,079,000 (2001 est.); Kaolack, Thies, Saint-Louis, Zinguinchor ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 12–20 in. (300–500 mm) in north to 40–60 in. (1,000–1,500 mm) in south. ECONOMY: GDP $15.66 billion (2014) […]

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

POPULATION: 186,300 (2014) AREA: 372 sq. mi. (964 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Portuguese (official); Fang, Kriolu NATIONAL CURRENCY: Dobra PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Roman Catholic (89.5%), Evangelical Protestant, Seventh-Day Adventist CITIES: Sao Tome (capital), 43,000 (1993 est.); Trindade, Santana, Neves, Porto Alegre, Santo Antonio ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 40 in. (1,000 mm) in northern lowlands to 150–200 in. (3,800–5,000 mm) in highlands. ECONOMY: GDP $337.4 million (2014) […]

Republic of Rwanda

Republic of Rwanda

POPULATION: 11.34 million (2014) AREA: 10,169 sq. mi. (26,338 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French, Kinyarwanda, English (all official); Kiswahili NATIONAL CURRENCY: Rwanda franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Roman Catholic 65%, Traditional 25%, Protestant 9%, Muslim 1% CITIES: Kigali (capital), 234,500 (1993 est.); Butare, Gikongoro, Gisenyi, Bitarama, Nyanza, Ruamagana ANNUAL RAINFALL: 70 in. (1,770 mm) in the west, 30 in. (760 mm) in the northeast and east ECONOMY: […]

Nigeria

Nigeria

POPULATION: 177.5 million (2014) AREA: 356,669 sq. mi. (923,774 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo NATIONAL CURRENCY: Naira PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, traditional 10% CITIES: Abuja (Federal Capital Territory), 378,700 (1991 est.); Lagos, Ibadan, Ogbomosho, Kano, Ilorin, Oshogbo ANNUAL RAINFALL: Highly variable, 70–170 in. (1,700–4,310 mm) from west to east along the coast; 20 in. (500 mm) in the […]

Republic of Niger

Republic of Niger

POPULATION: 19.11 million (2014) AREA: 489,189 sq. mi. (1,267,000 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Hausa, Dejerma, others NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 80%, Christian 10%, Traditional 10% CITIES: Niamey (capital), 420,000 (1994 est.); Zinder, Maradi, Tahoua, Dosso, Agadez, Arlit ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 20 in. (500 mm) in the south, to 4 in. (100 mm) at Agadez, to almost 0 in. […]

The Republic of Namibia

The Republic of Namibia

POPULATION: 2.403 million (2014) AREA: 317,260 sq. mi. (824,295 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); Afrikaans, German, Damara, Herero, Kavango, Ovambo, Nama NATIONAL CURRENCY: Namibian dollar PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 80–90%, Traditional 10–20% CITIES: Windhoek (capital), 190,000 (1995 est.); Walvis Bay, Swakopmund, Keetmanshoop, Rehoboth ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from less than 2 in. (51 mm) in western Namib and lower Orange River valley to more than 19.8 […]

Republic of Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique

POPULATION: 27.22 million (2014) AREA: 308,642 sq. mi. (799,384 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Portuguese (official); Sena, Shona, Makua, Swahili, and others NATIONAL CURRENCY: Metical PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Traditional 50%, Christian 30%, Muslim 20% CITIES: Maputo (capital), 3,025,000 (2000 est.); Tete, Beira, Quelimane, Sofala ANNUAL RAINFALL: 55 in. (1,420 mm) in center, less in the north and south ECONOMY: GDP $16.39 billion (2014) PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS […]

Kingdom of Morocco map

Kingdom of Morocco

POPULATION: 33.92 million (2014) AREA: 178,620 sq. mi. (446,550 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Arabic (official); French, Berber dialects NATIONAL CURRENCY: Dirham PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2% CITIES: Rabat (capital), 1,496,000 (2000 est.); Casablanca, Marrakech, Fez, Oujda ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from about 32 in. (800 mm) to less than 8 in. (200 mm) in the northern coastal lowlands, and 30–80 in. (760–2,030 mm) […]

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania

POPULATION: 3.970 million (2014) AREA: 397,953 sq. mi. (1,030,700 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Hasaniya Arabic, French (both official); Wolof, Pular, Soninke NATIONAL CURRENCY: Ouguiya PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim, nearly 100% CITIES: Nouakchott (capital), 735,000 (1995 est.); Atar, Zouerate, Kaedi, Nouadhibou ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from less than 20 in. (500 mm) in the south to less than 4 in. (100 mm) in the northern desert region […]

The Republic of Mali

The Republic of Mali

POPULATION: 17.09 million (2014) AREA: 478,767 sq. mi. (1,240,007 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Bambara, numerous others NATIONAL CURRENCY: C.F.A. Franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 90%, Traditional 9%, Christian 1% CITIES: Bamako (capital), 919,000 (1999 est.); Mopti, Segou, Kayes, Gao, Kimparana ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 20–60 in. (500–1,500 mm) in the south to 0–7 in. (0–175 mm) in the Sahara region ECONOMY: GDP $12.07 […]

The Republic of Malawi

The Republic of Malawi

POPULATION: 16.70 million (2014) AREA: 45,747 sq. mi. (118,484 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English, Chewa (both official); Tonga, Yao, Tumbuka, Lomwe NATIONAL CURRENCY: Kwacha PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Protestant 55%, Muslim 20%, Roman Catholic 20%, Traditional 5% CITIES: Lilongwe (capital), 395,500 (1994 est.); Blantyre, Zomba, Mzuzu ANNUAL RAINFALL: 30–40 in. (760–1,010 mm) ECONOMY: GDP $4.258 billion (2014) PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: Agricultural: tea, tobacco, sugar, cotton, […]

Madagascar

Madagascar

POPULATION: 23.57 million (2014) AREA: 226,658 sq. mi. (587,044 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Malagasy and French (both official) NATIONAL CURRENCY: Malagasy franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Traditional 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7% CITIES: Antananarivo (capital), 1,507,000 (2000 est.); Mahajanga, Toamasina, Fianarantsoa, Antseranana ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 120–190 in. (3,000–5,000 mm) on the east coast to 20 in. (510 mm) in the southwest ECONOMY: GDP $10.59 billion […]

Libya

Libya

POPULATION: 6.259 million (2014) AREA: 679,400 sq. mi. (1,759,540 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Arabic (official); Italian, English, Berber dialects NATIONAL CURRENCY: Libyan Dinar PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim (Sunni) 97% CITIES: Tripoli (capital), 1,822,000 (2000 est.); Benghazi, Misurata ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from about 4 in. (100 mm) in the steppe to less than half an inch (12.5 mm) in parts of the Sahara desert ECONOMY: […]

Liberia

Liberia

POPULATION: 4.397 million (2014) AREA: 43,000 sq. mi. (111,370 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); Mande, Kru, Bassa, Vai, Kpelle, others NATIONAL CURRENCY: Liberian dollar PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Traditional 70%, Muslim 20%, Christian 10% CITIES: Monrovia (capital), 962,000 (1999 est.); Greenville, Buchanan, Robertsport, Harper ANNUAL RAINFALL: Ranges from 203 in. (5,210 mm) on northwestern coast, to 100 in. (2,540 mm) at southeastern tip of country, […]

The Kingdom of Lesotho

The Kingdom of Lesotho

POPULATION: 2.109 million (2014) AREA: 11,720 sq. mi. (30,555 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English, Sesotho (both official) NATIONAL CURRENCY: Maloti PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 80%, Traditional 20% CITIES: Maseru (capital), 400,200 (1995 est.); Leribe, Mafeteng ANNUAL RAINFALL: 25 in. (635 mm) ECONOMY: GDP $2.088 billion (2014) PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: Agricultural: livestock, mohair, corn, wheat, sorghum, peas, beans, potatoes, asparagus Manufacturing: food and beverages, […]

Republic of Kenya

Republic of Kenya

POPULATION: 44.86 million (2014) AREA: 224,960 sq. mi. (582, 646 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English, Swahili (official); Gikuyu, Nandi, Kamba, Luhya, Luo NATIONAL CURRENCY: Kenya shilling PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Protestant 38%, Roman Catholic 28%, Traditional 26%, Muslim 7%, Other 1% CITIES: Nairobi (capital), 2,000,000 (1999 est.); Mombasa, Nakuru, Kitale, Nyeri, Kisumu, Thika, Malindi, Kericho ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 29 in. (750 mm) in the highlands […]

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast

POPULATION: 20.80 million (2014) AREA: 124,503 sq. mi. (322,463 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Dioula (Djula), other native languages NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 60%, Christian 22%, Traditional 18% CITIES: Yamoussoukro (political capital), 120,000 (1999 est.), Abidjan (economic capital), 2,793,000 (1999 est.); Bouake, Man, Gaghoa, Grand-Bassam, Bingerville ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 50–94 in. (1,270–2,413 mm) on the coast to 50–60 in. (1,270–1,542 […]

Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Republic of Guinea-Bissau

POPULATION: 1.801 million (2014) AREA: 13,948 sq. mi. (36,125 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Portuguese (official); Crioulo, Balante, Fula, Malinke NATIONAL CURRENCY: Guinea peso PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Traditional 50%, Muslim 45%, Christian 5% CITIES: Bissau (capital), 233,000 (1995 est.); Bafata, Bissora, Bolama, Cacheu, Teixeira Pinto, Farim, Gabu, Mansoa ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 49 in. (1,250 mm) in the northeast to 108 in. (2,750 mm) along the […]

Republic of Guinea

Republic of Guinea

POPULATION: 12.28 million (2014) AREA: 94,925 sq. mi. (245,856 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); many indigenous languages NATIONAL CURRENCY: Guinean franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, Traditional 7% CITIES: Conakry (capital), 1,558,000 (1999 est.); Kankan, Siguiri, Labe, Kindia ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 170 in. (4,300 mm) at the coast to 80 in. (2,000 mm) 125 miles (200 km) inland. ECONOMY: GDP $6.624 […]

Republic of Ghana

Republic of Ghana

POPULATION: 26.44 million (2014) AREA: 92,098 sq. mi. (238,534 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); Dagbani, Ewe, Fante, Ga, Moshi-Dagomba NATIONAL CURRENCY: Cedi PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Traditional 38%, Muslim 30%, Christian 24%, Other 8% CITIES: Accra (capital), 1,673,000 (1999 est.); Kumasi, Tamale, Takoradi, Cape Coast, Tema, Sekondi ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 29–39 in. (750–1,000 mm) in the southeast coastal savanna to 59–82 in. (1,500–2,100 mm) […]

Republic of the Gambia

Republic of the Gambia

POPULATION: 1.909 million (2014) AREA: 4,361 sq. mi. (11,295 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English (official); Mandinka, Wolof, Fula NATIONAL CURRENCY: Dalasi PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 90%, Christian 9%, Traditional 1% CITIES: Banjul (capital), 42,407 (1993 est.); Brikama, Basse, Bakua, Farafenni, Serekunda, Kuntaur, Bansang ANNUAL RAINFALL: 40 in. (1,016 mm) ECONOMY: GDP $807.1 million (2014) PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: Agricultural: livestock, peanuts, rice, palm kernels, fish, […]

Gabon

Gabon

POPULATION: 1.711 million (2014) AREA: 103,347 sq. mi. (267,658 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Fang, Mpongwe, Eshira NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 60%, Traditional 40%, about 3,000 Muslims CITIES: Libreville (capital), 462,000 (1999 est.); Port-Gentil, Franceville, Lambarene ANNUAL RAINFALL: 100 in. (2,540 mm) on coast, 150 in. (3,810 mm) in interior ECONOMY: GDP $17.23 billion (2014) PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: […]

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

POPULATION: 96.51 million (2014) AREA: 435,184 sq. mi. (1,127,127 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Amharic (official); Gallinya, Tigrinya, Orominga, Somali, Italian, English NATIONAL CURRENCY: Birr PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 40% (Ethiopian Orthodox), Muslim 45%, Traditional 15% CITIES: Addis Ababa (capital), 2,431,000 (1999 est.); Dessie, Dire Dawa, Harar, Gondar, Jimma, Mekele, Nazret ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 104 in. (2,640 mm) in southwest to 4 in. (100 mm) in the […]

State of Eritrea

State of Eritrea

POPULATION: 6.536 million (2014) AREA: 46,774 sq. mi. (121,144 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Tigrinya (official); Afar, Arabic, Kunama, Tigre NATIONAL CURRENCY: Ethiopian birr PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 50%, Christian 50% (Coptic, Roman Catholic, Protestant) CITIES: Asmara (capital), 431,000 (1995 est.); Massawa, Assab, Keren, Agordat, Teseney, Adikwala, Addi Ugri ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 18–29 in. (460–740 mm) in southern highlands to 12–14 in. (310–360 mm) in eastern […]

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

POPULATION: 778,100 (2014) AREA: 10,800 sq. mi. (27,972 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Spanish, French (both official); Bubi, Fang, Ibo, Ndowe NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA Franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian (mostly Roman Catholic) 79%; Traditional 21% CITIES: Bata (capital), 24,100; Malabo, Luba, Moca, Nietang, Evinayong ANNUAL RAINFALL: 79 in. (2,000 mm) ECONOMY: GDP $14.31 billion (2014) PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: Agricultural: cocoa, timber, coffee, bananas, fish, sweet […]

Arab Republic of Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt

POPULATION: 83.39 million (2014) AREA: 386,200 sq. mi. (1,000,258 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Arabic (official); English, French NATIONAL CURRENCY: Egyptian Pound PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 94%, Coptic Christian 6% CITIES: Cairo (capital), 10,552,000 (2000 est.); Alexandria, Shubra El-Khemia, Giza, Aswan ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 7 in. (178 mm) along the coast to virtually rainless along the Red Sea coastal plain and Western Desert. ECONOMY: GDP […]

Republic of Djibouti

Republic of Djibouti

POPULATION: 886,300 (2014) AREA: 8,500 sq. mi. (22,000 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French, Arabic (both official); Afar, Somali NATIONAL CURRENCY: Djibouti Franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 94%, Christian 6% CITIES: Djibouti (capital), 383,000 (1999 est.); Ali Sabieth, Dikhil, Tadjoura, Obock ANNUAL RAINFALL: Less than 5 in. (127 mm) ECONOMY: GDP $1.582 billion (2014) PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: Agricultural: goats, sheep, camels, cattle, coffee Manufacturing: […]

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo

POPULATION: 69.36 million (2014) AREA: 905,560 sq. mi. (2,345,410 sq. km.) LANGUAGES: French (official); Kongo, Lingala, Swahili, Tshiluba, Ngwana NATIONAL CURRENCY: Congolese franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 80% (Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%), Muslim 10%, Traditional 10% CITIES: Kinshasa (capital), 5,064,000 (2000 est.); Kisangani, Lumbumbashi, Kanaga, Likasi, Mbandaka, Mbuji-Mayi, Bukavu ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 30–60 in. (800–1500 mm) in south to 80–118 in. (2,000–3,000 […]

Republic of Congo

Republic of Congo

POPULATION: 4.559 million (2014) AREA: 132,000 sq. mi. (342,000 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Kongo, Lingala, Teke, Monkutuba, other Bantu dialects NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian (mostly Roman Catholic) 50%, Traditional 48%, Muslim 2% CITIES: Brazzaville (capital), 1,004,000 (1999 estimated population); Pointe-Noire, Kayes, Loubomo, Ouesso, Impfondo, Fort Rousset, Djambala ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies by region, averaging about 60 in. (1,520 mm) per year ECONOMY: […]

Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros

Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros

POPULATION: 752,400 (2014) AREA: 838 sq. mi. (2,170 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French, Arabic (official); Comoran (a Swahili dialect) NATIONAL CURRENCY: Comorian franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Sunni Muslim 86%, Roman Catholic 14% ISLANDS: Grand Comore (Ngazidja), Anjouan (Nzwani), Moheli (Mwali), Mayotte (Maore); Capital: Moroni, 30,000 (1999 est.) ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 43–114 in. (1,100–2,900 mm) ECONOMY: GDP $647.7 million (2014) PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: Agricultural: vanilla, […]

Republic of Chad

Republic of Chad

POPULATION: 13.21 million (2014) AREA: 495,792 sq. mi. (1,284,000 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French, Arabic (official); Sara, Sango, others NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 50%, Traditional 25%, Christian 25% CITIES: N’Djamena (capital), 826,000 (1999 est.); Sarh (Fort Archambeault), Moundou, Bongor, Doba, Lai, Abeche, Koumra ANNUAL RAINFALL: Variable, from 35–47 in. (900–1200 mm) in subtropical zone to 18–20 in. (200–500 mm) in Saharan zone […]

Central African Republic

POPULATION: 4.709 million (2014) AREA: 240,324 sq. mi. (622,436 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Sango, Arabic NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 50%, Traditional 24%, Muslim 15%, Other 11% CITIES: Bangui (capital), 524,000 (1999 est.); Baoli, Berberati, Bambari, Bossagoa, Carnot ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 75 in. (1900 mm) in the south to 0.2 in. (50 mm) in the extreme northeast ECONOMY: GDP […]

Republic of Cameroon

Republic of Cameroon

POPULATION: 22.82 million (2014) AREA: 183,568 sq. mi. (475,400 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French, English (official); Bantu dialects (24) NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Traditional 51%, Christian 33%, Muslim 16% CITIES: Yaounde (capital) 1,119,000 (1999 est.); Douala, Nkongsamba, Maroua, Bafoussam, Foumban, Garoua, Limbe, Bamenda, Kumba ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies by region from 23 in. (600 mm) in the extreme north to 390 in. (10,000 mm) […]

Republic of Burundi

Republic of Burundi

POPULATION: 10.48 million (2014) AREA: 10,747 sq. mi. (27,834 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Rundi, French (both official); Swahili NATIONAL CURRENCY: Burundi franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 67%, traditional 32%, Muslim 1% CITIES: Bujumbura (capital), 300,000 (1994 est.); Gitega, Ngozi, Kayanza, Mwaro ANNUAL RAINFALL: Ranges from 1,194 mm (47 in.) on the plateaus to 762 mm (30 in.) in lower areas ECONOMY: GDP $3.094 billion (2014) […]

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

POPULATION: 17.42 million (2014) AREA: 105,869 sq. mi. (274,200 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Mossi, Dyula, many local languages NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA Franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim 50%, traditional 40%, Christian 10% CITIES: Ouagadougou (capital), 1,100,000 (2000 est.); Bobo-Dioulasso, Koudougou, Ouahigouya, Kaya, Banfora ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 40 in. (1,000 mm) in the south to less than 10 in. (250 mm) in the […]

Republic of Botswana

Republic of Botswana

POPULATION: 2.039 million (2014) AREA: 231,804 sq. mi. (600,372 sq. km) LANGUAGES: English, Setswana (both are official) NATIONAL CURRENCY: Pula PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Christian 50%, traditional 50% CITIES: Gaborone (capital), 134,000 (1999 est.); Serowe, Francistown, Lobatse, Selibi-Phikwe, Kanye, Maun, Molepolole, Ramotswa, Mochudi, Ghanzi ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 18–25 in. (460–625 mm) in the extreme northwest to less than 5 in. (125 mm) in the extreme […]

Republic of Bénin

Republic of Benin

POPULATION: 10.60 million (2014) AREA: 43,483 sq. mi. (112,620 sq. km) LANGUAGES: French (official); Fon, Yoruba, Adja, Banba NATIONAL CURRENCY: CFA franc PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: traditional 70%, Christian 15%, Muslim 15% CITIES: Porto Novo (capital), 330,000 (1999 est.); Cotonou, Abomey, Ouidah, Parakou, Natitingu ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 58 in. (1,500 mm) in the southeast to 30 in. (770 mm) in the extreme north ECONOMY: GDP […]

Republic of Angola

Republic of Angola

POPULATION: 22.14 million (2014) AREA: 481,351 sq. mi. (1,246,700 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Portuguese (official); Bantu languages (at least 55) NATIONAL CURRENCY: Kwanza PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Traditional 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% CITIES: Luanda (capital), 2,677,000 (2000 est.); Lobito, Benguela, Malanje, Huambo, Cabinda, Lubango ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 0 in southwestern coastal desert to 70 in. (1,780 mm) in extreme north ECONOMY: GDP $131.4 […]

Algeria

The Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria

POPULATION: 39.93 million (2014) AREA: 919,595 sq. mi. (2,381,740 sq. km) LANGUAGES: Arabic (official); French, Berber dialects NATIONAL CURRENCY: Algerian dinar PRINCIPAL RELIGIONS: Muslim (Sunni) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1% CITIES: Algiers (capital), 4,200,000 (1999 est.); Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Batna ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 30 in. (760 mm) along the coast to less than 4 in. (100 mm) in the Sahara ECONOMY: GDP […]

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

Area 150,803 square mi (390,580 square km) Population 15.25 million (2014) Capital Harare Highest Point 8504 ft (2,592 m) Lowest Point 531 ft (162 m) GDP $14.20 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources corn, cotton, wheat, coffee, peanuts. ZIMBABWE IS a LANDLOCKED country in southern Africa. It is bordered by SOUTH AFRICA, MOZAMBIQUE, BOTSWANA, and ZAMBIA. The name […]

Zambia

Zambia

Area 290,584 square mi (752,614 square km) Population 15.72 million (2014) Capital Lusaka Highest Point 7,549 ft (2,301 m) Lowest Point 1,079 ft (329 m) GDP $27.07 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources copper, zinc, lead, coal, gold. ZAMBIA IS LOCATED in central Africa and is slightly larger than the state of TEXAS. It is completely LANDLOCKED, with […]

Yemen

Yemen

Area 203,850 square mi (527,970 square km) Population 26.18 million 2014 Capital Sana’a Highest Point the jabal an nabi shu’ayb 12,335 ft (3,760 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $35.95 billion 2013 Primary Natural Resources negligible. YEMEN, NO MATTER how it is defined or what its current political structure, has always controlled the southwestern tip of the […]

Western Sahara

Western Sahara

Area 102,703 square mi (266,000 square km) Population 261,794 (2014) Capital None; occupied by Morocco Highest Point 2,700 ft (823 m) Lowest Point -180 ft (-55 m) GDP per capita na Primary Natural Resources phosphate. AS OF 2005, WESTERN SAHARA, formerly called Spanish Sahara, was officially occupied by MOROCCO. Western Sahara is one of the most inhospitable […]

Vietnam

Vietnam

Area 204,779 square mi (329,560 square km) Population 90.73 million 2014 Capital Hanoi Highest Point 10,315 ft (3,144 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $186.2 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite. THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC of Vietnam was formed into a single country in 1976 when the North and South Vietnam states were united after […]

Venezuela

Venezuela

Area 352,144 square mi (912,050 square km) Population 30.69 million 2014 Capital Caracas Highest Point 16,427 ft (5,007 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $381.3 billion 2012 Primary Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold. VENEZUELA IS A COUNTRY in northern South America. A former Spanish colony, Venezuela formed part of the country of Gran Colombia […]

Vatican City

Vatican City

Map Page 1131 Area .273 square mi (.44 square km) Population 911 (2003) Highest Point Vatican Gardens 252.6 ft (77 m) Lowest Point Saint Peter’s Square 62.4 ft (19 m) GDP per capita not available Primary Natural Resources none. THE STATE OF VATICAN City is the world’s smallest independent state. This tiny city situated on a […]

Vanuatu

Vanuatu

Area 4,758 square mi (12,200 square km) Capital Port-Vila Population 258,900 2014 Highest Point 6,194 ft (1,877 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $815.0 million 2014 Primary Natural Resources manganese, hardwood forests, fish. UPON ACHIEVING independence from FRANCE and Great Britain in 1980, the peoples of the islands known as the New Hebrides renamed the island nation […]

Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

Area 172,742 square mi (447,400 square km) Population 30.76 million 2014 Capital Tashkent Highest Point 14,111 ft (4,301 m) Lowest Point -39ft (-12 m) GDP $62.64 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources natural gas, petroleum, coal. THE REPUBLIC OF Uzbekistan, the most populous Central Asian republic of the former Soviet Union, is one of the world’s only countries […]

Uruguay

Uruguay

Area 68,039square mi (176,220 squarekm) Population 3.420 million 2014 Capital Montevideo HighestPoint 1,686 ft (514 m) LowestPoint 0 m GDP $57.47 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources rice, wheat,corn, barley, livestock, fish. THE ORIENTAL REPUBLIC of Uruguay, more simply known as Uruguay, is a South American country with a population of about 3.4 million people and situated along the […]

United States

United States

Area 3,717,813 square mi (9,629,091 square km) Population 318.9 million 2014 Capital Washington, D.C. Highest Point 20,321 ft (6,194 m) Lowest Point -282 ft (-86 m) GDP $17.42 trillion 2014 Primary Natural Resources coal, copper, lead. THE UNITED STATES is a country in North America bordered by CANADA to the north, MEXICO to the south, the PACIFIC […]

United Kingdom

United Kingdom

Area 94,526 square mi (244,820 square km) Population 64.51 million 2014 Capital London Highest Point 4,406 ft (1,343 m) Lowest Point -13.2 ft (-4 m) GDP $2.989 trillion 2014 Primary Natural Resources coal, petroleum, natural gas. THE UNITED Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) is the full name of a state in western Europe composed […]

United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates

Area 32,000 square mi (82,880 square km) Population 9.086 million 2014 Capital Abu Dhabi City Highest Point 5,010 ft (1,527 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $399.5 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas. THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (UAE) is a federation of seven emirates in the Arabian Peninsula, established in 1971 (formerly six, the […]

Ukraine

Ukraine

Area (233,089 square mi (603,700 square km) Population 45.36 million 2014 Capital Kyiv (Kiev) Highest Point 6,762 ft (2,061 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $131.8 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources iron ore, coal, manganese, oil. WHERE EUROPE EDGES into Eurasia, there lies Ukraine, from ancient times known for its fertile black soil, or chornozem, imparting to […]

Uganda

Uganda

Area 146,608 square mi (236,040 square km) Population 37.78 million (2014) Capital Kampala Highest Point 16,765 ft (5,110 m) Lowest Point 2,037 ft (621 m) GDP $27.00 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources copper, cobalt, hydropower. UGANDA IS A LANDLOCKED east-central African country bounded by TANZANIA and RWANDA on the south, CONGO (formerly Zaire) on the west, SUDAN […]

Tuvalu

Tuvalu

Area 4 square mi (10 square km) Population 9,893 2014 Capital Funafuti Highest Point 15 ft (4.6 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $37.86 million 2014 Primary Natural Resources copra, fisheries, tourism, coconuts. TUVALU IS ONE OF the world’s smallest sovereign nations and remote countries. Tuvalu is a group of nine atolls scattered between the 501,932 square […]

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan

Area 188,456 square mi (488,100 square km) Population 5.307 million 2014 Capital Ashgabat Highest Point 10,298 ft (3,139 m) Lowest Point -265 ft (-81 m) GDP $47.93 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, coal. TURKMENISTAN, KNOWN for its deserts, oil potential, and strong authoritarian government, achieved its independence in 1991 following the collapse […]

Turkey

Turkey

Area 301,384 square mi (780,580 square km) Population 75.93 million 2014 Capital Ankara Highest Point 16,945 ft (5,166 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $798.4 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources antimony, barite, coal, copper, emery. TURKEY IS A NEAR Middle Eastern country located in northwestern Asia with a toehold in extreme southeastern Europe. It is about the […]

Tunisia

Tunisia

Area 63,170 square mi (163,610 square km) Population 11.00 million (2014) Capital Tunis Highest Point 5,065 ft (1,544 m) Lowest Point -56 ft (-17 m) GDP $48.61 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources oil, olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes. LONG BEFORE THE ROMANS sacked the Phoenician city of Carthage, Tunisia, located in the center of the North Africa’s […]

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago

Area 1,980 square mi (5,128 square km) Population 1.354 million 2014 Capital Port-of-Spain Highest Point 3,102 ft (940 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $28.88 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, cocoa, sugarcane, rice. THE TWO CARIBBEAN SEA islands of Trinidad and Tobago had separate histories until they were joined together as one colony under […]

Tonga

Tonga

Area 289 square mi (748 square km) Capital Nuku‘alofa Population 105,600 2014 Highest Point 3,409 ft (1,033 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $434.4 million 2014 Primary Natural Resources fish, fertile soil. THE KINGDOM OF TONGA is one of the few states in the south PACIFIC OCEAN to have retained its traditional monarchy and much of its […]

Tokelau

Tokelau

Area 3.86 square mi (10 square km) Population 1,418 (2004) Capital none Highest Point 16 ft (5 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $1,000 (estimate 1993) Primary Natural Resources copra, fisheries, craft goods. A COUNTRY LOCATED in the South PACIFIC OCEAN halfway between HAWAII and NEW ZEALAND, Tokelau covers a huge area of ocean but […]

Togo

Togo

Area 35,284 square mi (56,785 square km) Population 7.115 million (2014) Capital Lome Highest Point 3,234 ft (966 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $4.518 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca). TOGO SITS ON the southern end of the western portion of Africa. This narrow strip of land has 35 mi […]

Thailand

Thailand

Area 319,385 square mi (514,000 square km) Population 67.73 million 2014 Capital Bangkok Highest Point 8,451 ft (2,576 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $404.8 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, timber. THE KINGDOM OF Thailand, a Southeast Asian country, is bordered by MYANMAR (Burma) to the west, LAOS to the north and […]

Tanzania

Tanzania

Area 364,900 square mi (945,087 square km) Population 51.82 million (2014) Capital Dar es Salaam Highest Point 19,340 ft (5,895 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $48.06 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold. TANZANIA IS A LARGE COUNTRY located on the INDIAN OCEAN in eastern Africa. It was formerly known as Tanganyika. In 1964, […]

Tajikistan

Tajikistan

Area 55,251 square mi (143,100 square km) Population 8.296 million 2014 Capital Dushanbe Highest Point 24,591 ft (7,495 m) Lowest Point 984 ft (300 m) GDP $9.242 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources hydropower, uranium, mercury. LANDLOCKED AND MOUNTAINOUS, Tajikistan gained its independence in 1991 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The Republic of Tajikistan was engulfed in […]

Taiwan

Taiwan

Area 13,891 square mi (35,980 square km) Population 22,603,001 Capital Taipei Highest Point Yu Shan 12,962 ft (3,952 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $18,000 Primary Natural Resources coal, natural gas, limestone, marble. TAIWAN IS A mountainous island in the SOUTH CHINA SEA, with the Philippine Sea to the southeast, Luzon Strait to the south, […]

Syria

Syria

Area 71,498 square mi (185,180 square km) Population 22.16 million 2014 Capital Damascus Highest Point 9,232 ft (2,814 m) Lowest Point -656 ft (-200 m) GDP $40.41 billion 2007 Primary Natural Resources oil, gas, phosphates, asphalt. THE SYRIAN ARAB Republic (“Al-Jumhria Al-Arabia Al-Suria” in Arabic) is a Middle Eastern country located at the southwestern edge of the […]

Switzerland

Switzerland

Area 15,942 square mi (41,290 square km) Population 8.190 million 2014 Capital Bern Highest Point 15,153 ft (4,634 m) Lowest Point 637 ft (195 m) GDP $701.0 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources hydropower, timber, salt. THE SWISS CONFEDERATION is a LANDLOCKED country that borders FRANCE to the west, GERMANY to the north, LIECHTENSTEIN and AUSTRIA to the […]

Sweden

Sweden

Area 173,732 square mi (499,964 square km) Capital Stockholm Population 9.690 million 2014 Highest Point 6,024 ft (2,111 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $571.1 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources zinc, iron ore, lead, copper, silver, timber. SWEDEN IS ONE of the four Scandinavian countries of northern Europe. Like its neighbors NORWAY and FINLAND, Sweden is a […]

Swaziland

Swaziland

Area 6,704 square mi (17,363 square km) Population 1.269 million (2014) Capital Lobamba Highest Point 6,108 ft (1,862 m) Lowest Point 68 ft (21 m) GDP $4.413 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite. THIS TINY, LANDLOCKED, southern African monarchy is surrounded by the Republic of SOUTH AFRICA on three sides and MOZAMBIQUE on the […]

Suriname

Suriname

Area 63,039 square mi (163,270 square km) Population 538,200 2014 Capital Paramaribo Highest Point 4,059 ft (1,230 m) Lowest Point -6.6 ft (-2 m) GDP $5.210 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin. SURINAME IS THE SMALLEST independent country in South America. Known formerly as Dutch Guiana, it has had a troubled history since independence […]

Sudan

Sudan

Area 967,499 square mi (2,505,810 square km) Population 39.35 million (2014) Capital Khartoum Highest Point 10,500 ft (3,187 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $73.81 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources petroleum, iron ore, copper, chromium. BORDERED BY THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, CHAD, Democratic Republic of the CONGO, EGYPT, ERITREA, ETHIOPIA, KENYA, LIBYA, and UGANDA, Sudan is Africa’s largest […]

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

Area 25,332 square mi (65,610 square km) Population 20.64 million 2014 Capital Colombo Highest Point 8,280 ft (2,524 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $78.82 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources limestone, graphite, mineral sands. GEOLOGICALLY, THE ISLAND of Sri Lanka is considered a southerly extension of peninsular INDIA’s Deccan region and was clearly part of the peninsula […]

Spain

Spain

Area 194,897 square mi (504,782 square km) Population 46.40 million 2014 Capital Madrid Highest Point 12,191 ft (3,718 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $1.381 trillion 2014 Primary Natural Resources minerals, coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium. SPAIN IS A COUNTRY located in southwestern Europe, occupying with PORTUGAL the Iberian Peninsula. Spain also borders FRANCE and ANDORRA, and […]

South Africa

South Africa

Area 470,886 square mi (1,219,912 square km) Capital Pretoria Population 54.00 million (2014) Highest Point 11,181 ft (3,408 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $350.1 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources gold, chromium, diamonds, platinum. OFFICIALLY called the Republic of South Africa, the country is a semiarid subtropical state located on the southernmost tip of Africa. […]

Somalia

Somalia

Area 246,333 square mi (638,000 square km) Population 10.52 million (2014) Capital Mogadishu Highest Point 7,927 ft (2,416 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $5.707 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources banana, sugarcane, cotton, corn, sorghum. SOMALIA OCCUPIES a strategic location along Africa’s northeast coast at the southern approaches to BAB EL MANDEB and the route […]

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands

Area 10,985 square mi (28,450 square km) Population 572,200 2014 Capital Honiara Highest Point 8,028 ft (2,447 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $1.158 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources fish, forest products, gold, bauxite. THE SOLOMON ISLANDS form an archipelago lying east of PAPUA NEW GUINEA, between the Solomon Sea and the South PACIFIC OCEAN. The country […]

Slovenia

Slovenia

Area 7,906 square mi (20,273 square km) Population 2.062 million 2014 Capital Ljubljana Highest Point 9,396 ft (2,864 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $49.49 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium. SLOVENIA IS LOCATED in Central Europe on the ADRIATIC SEA between AUSTRIA and CROATIA. The country’s transitional area lies between the […]

Slovakia

Slovakia

Area 18,859 square mi (48,845 square km) Population 5.419 million 2014 Capital Bratislava Highest Point 8,682 ft (2,655 m) Lowest Point 308 ft (94 m) GDP $100.2 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources brown coal, lignite, iron ore. THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC or Slovakia is one of Europe’s landlocked countries. Most of the country is rugged and mountainous, although […]

Singapore

Singapore

Area 430.4 square mi (692.7 square km) Population 5.470 million 2014 Capital Singapore Highest Point 545 ft (166 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $307.9 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources rubber, copra, fruit, vegetables, orchids, poultry. THE REPUBLIC OF Singapore consists of a main island and a group of 58 islets. It is situated in Southeast Asia, […]

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

Area 27,699 square mi (71,740 square km) Population 6.316 million (2014) Capital Freetown Highest Point 6,390 ft (1,948 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $4.838 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources diamonds, gold, titanium ore, bauxite. LOCATED ALONG the north ATLANTIC OCEAN in western Africa, Sierra Leone borders the Republic of GUINEA and LIBERIA. Most of the country’s […]

Seychelles

Seychelles

Map Page 1116 Area 177.5 square mi (455 square km) Population 91,530 (2014) Capital Victoria Highest Point 2,986 ft (905 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $1.423 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources fish, copra, cinnamon trees. AS A RESULT OF competing colonial claims for dominance in the INDIAN OCEAN, the island republic of the Seychelles displays an intriguing mixture of indigenous, French, and […]

Map of Senegal

Senegal

Area 75,749 square mi (196,190 square km) Population 14.67 million (2014) Capital Dakar Highest Point 581 ft (177 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $15.66 billion (2014) Primary Natural Resources fish, phosphates, iron ore, natural gas. SENEGAL IS A FLAT, low-lying arid country located on the westernmost cape of Africa. Bounded by the ATLANTIC OCEAN, MAURITANIA, MALI, […]

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Area 756,984 square mi (1,960,582 square km) Population 30.89 million 2014 Capital Riyadh Highest Point 10,278 ft (3,133 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $746.2 billion 2014 Primary Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold. LOCATED ON THE ARABIAN Peninsula in the MIDDLE EAST between the ARABIAN SEA, the RED SEA, OMAN, YEMEN, the UNITED ARAB […]

São Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tome and Principe

Area 386 square mi (1,001 square km) Population 186,300 (2014) Capital Sao Tome Highest Point 6,640 ft (2024 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP $337.4 million (2014) Primary Natural Resources bananas, cocoa, coconuts, coffee, fish. ONE OF AFRICA’S smallest countries, the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe consists of two main islands (Sao Tome […]

San Marino

San Marino

Area 38 square mi (61.2 square km) Population 31,600 2014 Capital San Marino Highest Point 2,492 ft (755 m) Lowest Point 182 ft (55 m) GDP $1.900 billion 2008 Primary Natural Resources building stone, wheat, grapes, corn. SAN MARINO IS one of Europe’s five microstates. Like the others, it is a holdover from a more […]